LAGOS HOUSE OF ASSEMBLY BEGINS CONSIDERATION OF AUDITOR GENERAL’S REPORT ON THE ACCOUNT OF MDAs IN LAGOS STATE

The Public Accounts Committee (PAC) of the Lagos State House Committee, on Tuesday commenced the 2019 consideration exercise of the state Auditor-General’s statutory report on the account of the state Ministries Departments Agencies (MDAs).

 

While addressing journalists at the opening of the exercise, Chairman of the committee, Hon. Nurudeen Saka-Solaja explained that the purpose of the exercise was not to witch-hunt but to invite all heads of the indicted MDAs and sought clarifications from them as regards the outstanding queries raised in the Auditor-General’s report to enhance better service delivery in the state.

Saka-Solaja noted that the Public Account Committee is a statutory establishment of the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and an important instrument of checks, probity and accountability by the legislature both at the federal and state levels.

According to him, “Sections 125(2) and 129(1) (c) of the 1999 Constitution as amended empowers the Public Accounts Committee of the House of Assembly to ‘summon any person in Nigeria to give evidence at any place or produce any document or other things in his possession or under his control and examine him as witness and require him to produce any document or other thing in his possession or under his control, subject to all just exceptions’ during the deliberation and consideration exercise of the audited report of the accounts of MDAs submitted by the Auditor-General of the state.

“Accordingly, in consonance with the need for effective and best practices in the pursuit of its statutory objectives, the Public Accounts Committee (State) of the Lagos State House of Assembly today commenced the deliberations and considerations of the audited report of the State Auditor-General on the accounts of the Lagos State government for the year ended, 31st December, 2019,” Saka-Solaja said.

He, however, assured Lagosians that as part of the oversight function of the legislative arm of government, that all monies budgeted for the MDAs will be properly scrutinized as well as judiciously spent as captured in the budget of the state.

Other members of the Committee are: Hon.Gbolahan Yishawu (Eti-Osa I) Hon.Bisi Yusuf (Alimosho) Hon.Mojeed Fatai (Ibeju Lekki I), Hon. Rasheed Makinde (Ifako- Ijaye II) Hon.Ajani Owolabi (Lagos Mainland I)

LAGOS ASSEMBLY ADOPTS RECOMMENDATIONS ON STATE LOTTERY AND GAMING BILL

Members of the Lagos State House of Assembly have adopted the report of a Bill for a Law to establish the Lagos State Lotteries and Gaming Authority Bill, 2020 from the Committee on Finance.

The Bill provides for the regulation and control of all gaming activities in the State.

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It would be recalled that the Committee on Finance chaired by Hon. Rotimi Olowo held a Public Hearing on Friday, 14th August, 2020 in order to get inputs from all stakeholders and the public.

Hon. Rotimi Olowo while presenting the report on Monday, stated that the Stakeholders at the Public Hearing observed that the relevant registered Association/Stakeholders’ and licensee in the lottery business should be carried along by the Governor in the appointment of members of the Board; also, that a person without subsisting license or authorization from the authority shall not operate, conduct or deploy any equipment, manage, accept wages or make advertisement for any gaming activity in the State amongst others.

The following recommendations were therefore made by the Committee: that the members of the Board shall be appointed by the Governor subject to the confirmation of the House; that the Authority shall submit to the Governor through the Commissioner an annual estimate of its expenditure for the next succeeding year in accordance with budgeting guidelines in the State.

The Committee also recommended that pool betting activities should be excluded from the stringent provisions of Section 23 (1) (a) as it is a game that is nearing extinction and needs to be encouraged since the activity is done once a week and mostly patronized by the elderly.

The House through the Speaker, Rt. Hon. (Dr.) Mudashiru Obasa, thereafter adopted the recommendations as the resolutions of the House.

In another development, the Lagos State Real Estate Regulatory Authority Bill, 2020 and the Lagos State Domestic and Sexual Violence Agency Bill, 2020 scaled through first readings.

LAGOS ASSEMBLY URGES LASWA TO ENFORCE WATERWAYS LAWS

The Lagos State House of Assembly under the leadership of Rt.hon. Mudashiru Obasa, has urged the Lagos State Waterways Authority (LASWA) to ensure strict enforcement of the state waterways laws to reduce incessant boat mishaps in the state.

The Chairman, House Committee on Transportation, Mr Temitope Adewale (Ifako-Ijaiye I), made this known during an oversight tour to LASWA and the Lagos Ferry Services (LAGFERRY), in Lagos on Wednesday.
He said: “Enforcement is key because most of the boat mishaps we have seen are caused by the local operators.

“At the end of the day, it gives a bad name to the state government but these boats are not run by the government agency.
“In terms of enforcement, LASWA needs proper rescue boats and you need to strengthen and enforce the operation of our waterways to reduce incessant mishaps on our waterways.

Adewale noted that LASWA was created to serve as a regulator and to provide the enabling infrastructure in the waterways transport sector.
He said “the establishment of the authority was because there was need to transport people daily from point A to point B, which could not be done strictly by vehicular movement.”

Hon. Adewale, therefore, said that there was need to create an enabling environment that would be lucrative and at the same time attractive and provide security for people to use the waterways.

“You are saddled with this responsibility of water transportation because the state government is looking for alternatives to road usage and, at the same time, encouraging mass transit of waterways has to improve in the state.

“There is also need to look for a means to have a Public Private Partnership (PPP), where investors will come with their own boats; but what is most important is that there should be enforcement on the waterways.

“Once you put the right infrastructure in place, we will definitely see investors coming to invest in our waterways system.

“This will even increase the life span of our roads and we will also have a reduction in accidents we see on our roads; therefore the incessant trailers (articulated vehicles) falling on our roads will reduce because even the Containers will have to use the waterways”.

Hon. Adewale, however, said the major problem the authority was having was improper channelisation of the waterways and this should be done by the agency because it understood the routes better.

He said the exclusive right to channel the waterways routes would be added to the ongoing amendment of the Transport Law.

Hon. Adewale noted that for the safety of the state’s waterways, there was the need for LASWA to have a certification centre for boat operators and boat owners.
According to him, I want you to set up an effective and robust certification centre where boat operators, deckhands and captains are properly trained, mentored and monitored so we can have a safe ride on our waterways.

Earlier, the General Manager of LASWA, Mr Oluwadamilola Emmanuel, said the water transportation in the state presently contributes two per cent of total traffic in all motorised public transportation mode in the state.

He disclosed that road contribute over 80 per cent, hence the cause of congestion of the road network in the state.

He, therefore, called for diversification from road transportation as it would be important for the development of the state’s economy.

Mr.Emmanuel highlighted the challenges of LASWA to include the overlapping functions with the Federal Agencies and other state government agencies.

He said “Others are the inadequate budgetary allocation, unpriotised channelising of routes, control over the waterways, abandoned wrecks on the waterways.

“Also, the lack of infrastructure, awareness and fear of using the waterways, the pollution on the waterways, the water hyacinth and debris on the waterways”.

The committee also visited the Lagos Ferry Services (LAGFERRY) at Mile 2, Lagos.

Other members of the committee are Hon.Ganiyu Okanlawon (Kosofe I), Hon. Lanre Afinni (Lagos Island II), Hon. Sylvester Ogunkelu (Epe II) Hon.Surajudeen Tijani (Ojo II)

PROCUREMENT: LAGOS ASSEMBLY RAISES MOBILIZATION FEE BY 20%

Lagos State House of Assembly on Wednesday, September 16, 2020, has proposed the amendment of the State Procurement Agency Law, 2015 with a view to raising the advance payment from 20 to 40 percent.

This was made known during the public hearing on a bill titled, ‘The Lagos State Public Procurement Agency (Amendment) Bill, 2020,’ which took place at the Lagos House of Assembly Pavilion.

In his keynote address, the Speaker of the House, Rt. Hon. Mudashiru Obasa who was represented by his Deputy, Hon Wasiu Sanni-Eshinlokun said, “Procurement is very important. It has to do with the delivery of goods and services. We felt we should do what is needed to set the state on the part of progress.”

According to him “the idea of public hearing affords the policymakers to hear from the masses. It is meant to build public confidence in the government. Good legislation must not be the yearnings of the populace alone, it must be the aggregated interest of the people.”

“We are here to discuss important issues, which is public procurement. Procurement is broad, encompassing, and covers all aspects of government activities. Lagos State is proud to be one of the states with one of the best procurement policies in Nigeria.”

He however stated, “We must never rest on oars towards the provision of better democracy. We can make remarkable progress and improvement through our contributions today.”

 

The Chairman, House Committee on Public Procurement, Hon. Rauf Age-Sulaimon said the purpose of the amendment is “to ensure that the society is regulated. When you are talking about development, procurement is the most important because if, government projects are not properly executed, of course, you will not see the result.”

“We have been talking about the money needed for projects and the economy is not smiling at all and for us to support contractors there is a need on the part of the government to encourage them. The essence of this is to increase from 20% to 40% so that the person involved would be able to do the job effectively.”

“We will ensure that the contractors adhere strictly to the terms of the contract. It will benefit the masses because it will not be the winner takes it all. It will not be the survival of the fittest because the fittest might not be capable. It is open to everybody. Once you have the requirement you will be allowed to bid.”

While giving the overview of the Bill, the Majority Leader, Hon. Sanai Agunbiade said, “the law as it stands today has 83 sections, out of which we are proposing to amend 38 sections. The reason for the amendment is to simplify the narration.

Agunbiade explained, “Amendment of section 63, advance payment of not more than 40 percent of the contract sum may be paid to a supplier or contractor.

“Provided that advance payment above 40 percent shall be subject to the regulation prescribed by the agency.

“Subject to the provisions of subsection (1) of this section, any person, company or authority who accesses mobilization fee and absconds or does not carry out the services or works commensurate to the fee paid commits an offense and is liable on conviction to imprisonment for two years or a fine equivalent to the fee paid or both “

LAND PETITIONS: LAGOS ASSEMBLY MOVES TO SOLVE PENDING LAND MATTERS – MEETS WITH MINISTRY OF LANDS

In a bid to resolve all the challenges relating to land matters including Certificate of Occupancy, Consents, Allocations and other related matters; the Lagos State House of Assembly through its Lands Committee met with the Permanent Secretary; Mr. Bode Agoro and the Special Adviser; Mrs. Lolade Adetunmobi of the Ministry of Lands to brief the House on the present state of Land matters, so as to find a lasting solution to the myriads of petitions sent to the Assembly.

Hon. Adedamola Kasunmu, Chairman, House Committee on Lands directed that the Ministry of Lands delegation, furnish the House with the list of existing schemes with reference to all the existing categories, hand over notes from predecessors, list of government consent, revocations, excisions and other related documents.

Hon. Noheem Adams and Hon. Rotimi Olowo who were also at the meeting enjoined Mr. Agoro and Mrs. Adetunmobi to feel free in offering other documents that can help in proferring lasting solutions to the cause.

“We are in the same Government, feel free to give us documents that will make our oversight functions easier to perform.” The Committee directed.

Mr. Agoro promised to bring the required documents on Thursday, slated for the next meeting in accordance to the 48hrs directive the lawmakers gave.

LAGOS HOUSE OF ASSEMBLY PASSES HOUSE OF ASSEMBLY SERVICE COMMISSION (AMENDMENT) LAW 2020

The Lagos House of Assembly has passed into law the Lagos State House of Assembly Service Commission( Amendment) 2020.

The bill which is an amendment to the Lagos State House of Assembly Service Commission Law of 2015 was unanimously passed into law by all members present at the plenary session of the assembly on Monday, September 14, 2020 after the Third reading.

The law is to give legal backing and operational modules to the new financial autonomy granted State Legislatures and Judiciary in the Section 121(3) of the 4th Alteration of the 1999 constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria,which Mr President issued Executive Order upon in May 22,2020 for its immediate implementation.

The newly amended law which is now waiting for Governor Babajide Sanwo-Olu’s assent consists of 12 amendments and seven new sections.

Among the new amendments is Section 4 which deals with the tenure of the Chairman and members of the commission.

According to the amended Section 4, “The Chairman and members of the Commission shall hold office for a term of five(5) years and may be eligible for re-appointment for a further term of five (5) years only”.

Section 21 deals with the tenure of the Clerk of the House.
Section 21 states inter alia; ” The Clerk shall hold office for a period of four years and may be eligible for re-appointment for a further term of four (4) years only”.

Section 22 creates five Deputy Clerk positions They are as listed below:
1. Deputy Clerk (Legislative Matters)
2. Deputy Clerk (Legislative Drafting and Legal Services)
3. Deputy Clerk (Publication)
4. Deputy Clerk (Administration and Human Resources)
5. Deputy Clerk (Finance and Accounts).

Among the newly created sections of the law are Sections 24 and 29 which deal with fund of the commission and payment of salaries, pensions, other remuneration and allowances payable to members, and staff of the House of Assembly respectively.

The two items are now domiciled in the budget of the House of Assembly.

COVID-19 PROTOCOL: LAGOS LAWMAKERS INSPECTS TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS

Lagos Assembly House Committee on Education on Friday inspected some tertiary institutions ahead of resumption in the State.

The Committee led by Hon. Oluyinka Ogundimu, the Chairman, visited Lagos State University, LASU and Adeniran Ogunsanya College of Education, AOCOED to detect the level of compliance put in place in the safety protocols of COVID-19 within the schools in preparation for resumption on Monday, 14th September, 2020.

Mrs. Ogunleye Balikis, the Provost of AOCOED who received the Lawmakers, highlighted the measures the school has put in place ahead of school resumption.

She stated that awareness banners; wash hand basins; sanitizers and thermometers have been positioned in strategic places around the school, right from the main entrance of the school; also, the importance and advantage of face mask have been printed out in the college bulletin.

“No student will be allowed to enter the school premises without the use of face mask. We have set up a task force which comprises of; Quality Assurance Director, College Librarian, Chief Security Officer and Student Union President to ensure students adhere to the protocols.” She explained.

She added that, “Reflective jackets have been made for the Task Force to distinguish them from other students.”

Hon. Ogundimu during the inspection, expressed disappointment with the findings of the committee, as not all the preventive measures claimed by the provost are installed.

He revealed that all classrooms were locked up with dust and cobwebs.

“There is no need going further when we cannot gain access to the first set of classrooms in the institution. The water taps set at the entrance of the school gate was not properly done and has no soaps for visitors.” He observed.

At the Lagos State University, LASU, the Vice Chancellor Professor Olanrewaju Fagbohun while receiving the Lawmakers, expressed delight with their visit.

Prof. Fagbohun highlighted measures stationed for the resumption of academic activities post COVID-19.

“Hand sanitizing booths with soap and thermometers have been installed from the main entrance of the institution and all the entrances of departments within the school. The awareness banners which you would find at every nook and cranny of the school have all the protocols on it for students to obey at all times.”

Adding that the Governing Council of the institution had met to discuss the actualisation of physical social distancing among the students and came up with guidelines on resumption of academic activities for the students. He expounded.

The Vice chancellor, listing the new academic scheduling, noted that only final year students at the 400, 500 and 600 undergraduate level, depending on the duration of the program are permitted to resume academic activities on Monday, 14th September, 2020 and their lecture hours will be from 9am to 3pm daily Monday to Friday. Post Graduate students are to resume also on Monday, 14th September, 2020 but their lectures will strictly hold only on weekends.

He added that 200 to 500 level students will commence academic activities on Monday, 9th November, 2020, while lectures for newly admitted students will commence on Monday, 11th January, 2021.

Prof. Fagbohun also stated that the part-time classes for the Sandwich and Diploma Degree Programmes in Epe Campus will commence lectures on Friday, 13th November, 2020 and their lectures will hold only on weekends.

At the commencement of the inspection, the House Committee started with the Faculty of Law.

Hon. Ogundimu expressed satisfaction with the facilities on ground in and outside of the Faculty and proceeded to the school hospital which he proclaimed in superb standard.

The Chairman, in his remarks stated that, “We have moved round the University and seen the classrooms, entrances and Medical Center and can tell you LASU is ready for resumption.”

“We have seen facilities we have never seen in any institution we have visited.” He added.

The Lawmaker said the agitation of the Academic Staff Union will be looked into since they presented a letter for the new minimum wage to be effected.
“The new minimum wage could have been implemented but due to the COVID-19 lockdown, there was little or nothing anybody could do. We will engage them and agree on when it will be effected.” He said.

Lawmakers on the inspection tour were Hon. Oluyinka Ogundimu, Hon. Bisi Yusuff, Hon. Olawale Abdul-Sobur, Hon. David Setonji.

LAGOS ASSEMBLY TO MAKE ROAD MARKING MANDATORY ON LAGOS HIGHWAY

The Lagos State House of Assembly is set to make provisions for compulsory lane markings, traffic laws signals on highways in the ongoing amendment of the Lagos Traffic Law and Regulations.

The Chairman, House Committee on Transportation, Mr Temitope Adewale (Ifako-Ijaiye I), made this known during an oversight tour of  the Lagos Traffic Management Authority (LASTMA) on Friday.

Adewale said there would be appropriate sanctions for violators of traffic lane marking on the highway, adding that the signs and markings on the highway would further reduce the gridlock experienced by motorists.

“In the new amendment of the Traffic Law before the House, under Section 28 of the bill, we have made provisions for compulsory lane marking, traffic light signals and registering of signs.

“This is to further enhance the LASTMA jobs and the House of Assembly will continue to support the agency,” he said.

Adewale said the assembly had received hundreds of petitions from the public on the excessiveness of LASTMA officials, adding that it was also aware of unruly private and commercial drivers in the state.

He said: “With the population of over 22 million people, we only have 4239 LASTMA officers, therefore, there is a need for more traffic officers on our roads.

“There is a need for improved welfare and there is a need for them to be equipped properly with traffic control infrastructure.

“We know that LASTMA job is the toughest because there is constant vehicular movement from one point to the another everyday within the metropolis and beyond.

“However, it is the duty of the agency to ensure free flow of traffic within the state and we know this has been a difficult task to accomplish,” he said.

Adewale said he was impressed with the rate of enforcement by the agency, urging it to continue to improve on its enforcement exercise in order to have free flow of traffic across the major highways.

Hon. Rasheed Makinde representing Ifako- Ijaye Constituency II while contributing, urged the General manager to liaise with the boundary state on the issue of swift removal of vehicles causing obstruction at the borders of the state to allow free flow of traffic, especially on Lagos-Ibadan highway.

Earlier, General Manager, LASTMA, Mr Olajide Oduyoye, told the committee that the agency was facing numerous challenges such as inadequate provision of space for impounded vehicles.

Oduyoye said other challenges included non-availability of zonal office, change/refresh rooms for officers, non-availability of functional patrol vehicles and inadequate recovery vehicles.

He noted that the agency lacked signage that was required for speed limits and no parking on the highway.

The general manager expressed concern over the intrusion on the highway by street parking and the improper planning approval given to filling stations and event centres.

He said that the agency had a total staff strength of 4239, three officers had been dismissed while 18 had died from active service.

The LASTMA boss said that 13,461 vehicles were involved in traffic violations between January and August this year.

The Committee also visited Lagos Bus Services Limited (LBSL), Lagos State Drivers Institute (LASDRI) and the Lagos State Number Plate Production Authority.

Other members of the committee present are Hon.Rasheed Makinde (Ifako Ijaye II), Hon. Ganiyu Okanlawon (Kosofe I), Hon. Lanre Afinni (Lagos Island II).

LAGOS ASSEMBLY SEEKS STRONGER ENFORCEMENT OF STATE’S TRANSPORT LAWS

Lagos State House of Assembly under the leadership of Rt.Hon (Dr) Mudashiru Ajayi Obasa has appealed to the executive arm of government in the state to urgently take another look at the regulation of the activities of the National Union of Road Transport Workers (NURTW) in the state.

This appeal was made by the Committee on Transport ably led by its Chairman, Hon. Temitope Adewale during a visit as part of its functions of oversight to the Commissioner for Transport, Dr. Frederick Oladeinde in his office at Alausa, Ikeja.

Adewale, who was with other Members of the Committee on the visit applauded the head of Executive, Governor Babajide Sanwo-olu for placing priority on Transportation in Lagos State as seen on the THEME agenda, he further urged the state government to put every machinery in place to end gridlock in the state.

According to Hon.Adewale, although the NURTW have put checks in place for their members, there is need to curb the excesses of some of them who disregard traffic rules.

While lamenting the ineffectiveness of enforcement agencies in this regard, Adewale however called for better welfare packages for the concerned agencies to encourage them to stay focused with the tasks before them.

He said: “The enforcement officers should also be well taken care of, in terms of welfare packages, beyond the uniforms,their health insurance must be improved and other benefits should be made available to them.”

He added: “Once we have all these in place, we won’t have the issue of them taking bribes or not generating revenues that are supposed to be accrued to the state.

“From the beginning of the past administration, the people of the state were asking what was the state doing as regards the gridlock in the state.

“This prompted me to move a motion on the floor of the house as regards the transport situation in the state.

“But today, we are here to perform our oversight function to know how far you have gone, the challenges you faced, how well you have implemented the budget in spite of the COVID-19 pandemic.”

The lawmaker said he was impressed with the performance of the commissioner, adding that if he continued, the state would be able to record great achievements in the transport system.

Adewale said the amendment of the Transport Law had passed through the second reading in the House and waiting for public hearing soon.

Hon. Temitope Adewale reiterated that the purpose of his visit was to know the challenges and proffer possible solutions. “We will not stop seeking solutions to make transportation easy in Lagos, our population is exploding, but that will not deter us from finding best solutions.”

In response, Dr. Oladeinde informed the Committee that “the state is planning to acquire 2000 units of 11 and 13 seat micro buses to remove the strain on commuters while easing gridlock in the State.”

He also declared that the state had engaged two companies to provide 1000 buses each to be used for the First and the Last Mile Bus Schemes.

“They are Origin Automobile Services which will provide the 11 seat buses while CFAO will provide 13 seat buses,” he said.

Oladeinde also spoke about the Blue and the Red rail lines projects, describing them as the flagship of Mr. Babajide Sanwo-Olu’s led administration.

The Commissioner said the contract for the red line rail project had been signed, adding that operations would commence in the second quarter of 2022.

He explained that the red line would share track with the standard gauge system of the Lagos-Ibadan rail modernisation project of the federal government, assuring that this would further reduce traffic congestion at key major gridlock points in the state, with corresponding reduction in travel time.

He further disclosed that the move was a giant stride to enhance integration between different mode of transportation in the State.

The Committee also visited the General Manager of Motor Vehicle Administration Agency and Managing Director of Lagos Area Metropolitan Authority (LAMATA) and were pleased with the giant stride they were making in their respective agencies.

Other Committee Members on the oversight tour were, Hon. Rasheed Makinde (Ifako Ijaye II), Hon.Ganiyu Okanlawon (Kosofe I), Hon. Sylvester Ogunkelu (Epe II) and Hon.Surajudeen Tijani (Ojo II).

LAGOS ASSEMBLY ORDERS FOR FRESH ELECTION AMONG RAM MERCHANTS IN LAGOS STATE

The Lagos State House of Assembly Committee on Commerce, Industry and Co-Operatives has ordered for fresh election of the Ram Sellers Association.

This was a resolution of the Committee headed by the Chairman Hon. Okanlawon Sanni during a meeting with the members of the association held at the Assembly complex.

According to the Chairman, a fresh election became necessary to forestall any breakdown of law and order in the market and to ensure inclusiveness.

He said “this government would not allow anybody, individuals or group of people to cause mayhem in the State”.

He said “this government would not allow anybody, individuals or group of people to cause mayhem in the State”.
Earlier, a faction of the association had petitioned the House titled “illegal activities involving Abubakar Langa and Adebayo Oladunjoye collecting illegal tolls at Alaba Rago market and withholding the association’s other documents”.

In the petition signed by Ibrahim Mustapha calling on the House of Assembly to stop Abubakar Langa and Adebayo Oladunjoye from continuous collection of Ram tolls (money) illegally at the Alaba Rago market and also handover the association’s certificate of registration. The Petitioners also asked that they render the account to the new executive.

The petitioner explained further that Abubakar Langa was the Vice Chairman to the late Dauda Alao who was the Chairman of the association before his demise which was terminated March 23rd, 2020 on the day of the inauguration of the new exco members.

He revealed that Adebayo Oladunjoye was the secretary of the caretaker committee during the tenure of late Dauda Alao.

“The association conducted its election March 21st, 2020 which the exco members were elected where Alhaji Ibrahim Mustapha emerged as the new chairman. Since after the election and inauguration of the exco members on March 23rd, 2020, Abubakar Langa and Adebayo Oladunjoye have refused to hand over documents to the new leadership of the association and keep on collecting tolls” , he narrated.

After the submission of the petitioner , the Committee ordered the association to conduct a fresh election that would harmonise all the parties involved and get back to the House of Assembly latest end of October.